Below you’ll find a list of the topographical maps, hiking and cycling maps that we have for Finland.
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Oulanka National Park and the Karhunkierros Trail
Oulanka - a Flooding River
Oulanka National Park is a versatile wilderness area with a rich variety of landforms and species. In its heart lies the valley of the River Oulankajoki. The River Oulankajoki flows into the White Sea through deep valleys gouged out by the river. The Kiutakongas rapids - an age old natural attraction - thunder down between rugged quartzite and dolomite walls, falling 14 metres over a distance of 100 metres.
The lower reaches of the river are slow and smooth-flowing, thus providing suitable conditions for canoeing. The northern part of the park is dominated by an extensive wilderness area with peatlands from wet flarks to swamp woods. These swamp wood areas form an important nesting ground for whooper swans (Cygnus cygnus) and other water fowl. Most of the national park is covered by forests. Having evolved almost naturally, they provide a good picture of the original forest wildlife of the region.
A Park Abounding with Rare Species
The Oulanka National Park is one of the richest areas in Finland as regards the variety of spe. cies. The special natural features mainly derive from the bedrock in the area, which is especially favourable for many species. The rugged contours of the landscape combined with the fertility of the bedrock create a variety of microclimates and an abundance of habitats. The river valley forms an important migration route for eastern species. The seeds of tartar catchfly (Silene tarica) and blue-berried honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea), for example, have spread to new sites carried by the river. As a result, the park contains a unique mixture of eastern, southern ana northern species. Beautiful yellow lady's-slippers (Cypripedium calcealus) and calypsos (Calypso bulbosa) - the park's symbol- also thrive in the calciferous soil.
The terrestrial animal species of the Oulanka National Park include typical species of the boreal forest belt and some specialities. The tracks of large beasts. brown bears (Ursus arctas) in particular, are found every year. It is fairly rare to get a glimpse of these animals, while the reindeer is a frequent sight. The curious Siberian jay (Perisoreus infaustus) is a bird species that the hiker is certain to become acquainted with.
A variety of beetle and butterfly species that are scarce elsewhere in Finland live in the herb-rich forests and the spruce stands on the fertile slopes. The king of the rushing waters is the lake trout (Solma trutto lacustris), which is found here as a natural population and migrates from the lake areas in Russia to spawn in the River Oulankajoki and its tributaries.